Propitiation

   That by which God is rendered propitious, i.e., by which it becomes consistent with his character and government to pardon and bless the sinner. The propitiation does not procure his love or make him loving; it only renders it consistent for him to execise his love towards sinners.
   In Rom. 3:25 and Heb. 9:5 (A.V., "mercy-seat") the Greek word hilasterion is used. It is the word employed by the LXX. translators in Ex. 25:17 and elsewhere as the equivalent for the Hebrew kapporeth, which means "covering," and is used of the lid of the ark of the covenant (Ex. 25:21; 30:6). This Greek word (hilasterion) came to denote not only the mercy-seat or lid of the ark, but also propitation or reconciliation by blood. On the great day of atonement the high priest carried the blood of the sacrifice he offered for all the people within the veil and sprinkled with it the "mercy-seat," and so made propitiation.
   In 1 John 2:2; 4:10, Christ is called the "propitiation for our sins." Here a different Greek word is used (hilasmos). Christ is "the propitiation," because by his becoming our substitute and assuming our obligations he expiated our guilt, covered it, by the vicarious punishment which he endured. (Comp. Heb. 2:17, where the expression "make reconciliation" of the A.V. is more correctly in the R.V. "make propitiation.")

Easton's Bible Dictionary. . 1897.

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  • propitiation — [ prɔpisjasjɔ̃ ] n. f. • XVIe; « faveur accordée par Dieu; pardon » fin XIIe; lat. ecclés. propitiatio, de propitius ♦ Relig. Sacrifice, victime de propitiation, qu on offre à Dieu pour se le rendre propice, obtenir son pardon (⇒ propitiatoire) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Propitiation — Pro*pi ti*a tion, n. [L. propitiatio: cf. F. propitiation.] [1913 Webster] 1. The act of appeasing the wrath and conciliating the favor of an offended person; the act of making propitious. [1913 Webster] 2. (Theol.) That which propitiates;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • propitiation — index collection (payment), conciliation, expiation, mollification, reconciliation Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton …   Law dictionary

  • propitiation — late 14c., from L.L. propitiationem (nom. propitiatio) an atonement, from L. propitiare render favorable, from propitius favorable, gracious, kind, from pro forward (see PRO (Cf. pro )) + petere go to (see PETITION (Cf …   Etymology dictionary

  • Propitiation — In Christianity, Propitiation is a theological term denoting that by which God is rendered propitious, i.e., that satisfaction or appeasement by which it becomes consistent with His character and government to pardon and bless sinners. The… …   Wikipedia

  • propitiation — (pro pi si a sion ; en vers, de six syllabes) s. f. Action de rendre propice. •   Vous ne ferez aucune oeuvre servile dans tout ce jour, parce que c est un jour de propitiation, SACI Lévit. XXIII, 28. •   Ne résistez pas à Dieu.... qui vous ouvre …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • PROPITIATION — s. f. (On prononce Propiciation. ) Il n est guère usité que dans ces phrases, Sacrifice de propitiation, victime de propitiation, Sacrifice, victime offerte à Dieu pour le rendre propice, et pour apaiser sa colère. Le sacrifice de la messe est un …   Dictionnaire de l'Academie Francaise, 7eme edition (1835)

  • PROPITIATION — n. f. Action de rendre propice. Il n’est guère usité que dans ces phrases : Sacrifice de propitiation, victime de propitiation, Sacrifice, victime offerte à Dieu pour le rendre propice et pour apaiser sa colère. Le sacrifice de la messe est un… …   Dictionnaire de l'Academie Francaise, 8eme edition (1935)

  • propitiation — /preuh pish ee ay sheuhn/, n. 1. the act of propitiating; conciliation: the propitiation of the wrathful gods. 2. something that propitiates. [1350 1400; ME propiciacioun < LL propitiation (s. of propitiatio) appeasement. See PROPITIATE, ION] * * …   Universalium

  • propitiation — The means of warding off the justifiable anger of God. Often used in AV when ‘expiation’ would be a sounder translation, being the means by which an offender s guilt can be removed or forgiven. Expiation does not enter the realm of divine wrath… …   Dictionary of the Bible

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